Quiz 23: Structure and Function of the Reproductive Systems

Questions 36
Instructor Verified Answers Included
WarofGrades Guaranteed A+ Graded Tutorial

View More

$4.95

Compare

Product Description

Quiz 23: Structure and Function of the Reproductive Systems

Questions 36
Instructor Verified Answers Included
WarofGrades Guaranteed A+ Graded Tutorial

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. The initial reproductive structures of the male and female embryos appear the same until which week of gestation?
a. Third c. Twentieth
b. Eighth d. Thirtieth

2. The absence of which major hormone is a determinant of sexual differentiation (wolffian system) in utero?
a. Estrogen c. Growth hormone
b. Progesterone d. Testosterone

3. Which gland produces the associated hormones that are found in high levels in a female fetus?
a. Posterior pituitary excretes gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and luteinizing hormone (LH).
b. Hypothalamus excretes luteinizing hormone (LH) and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH).
c. Anterior pituitaryfollicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH).
d. Hypothalamus excretes gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH).

4. Which hormone is linked to an increase in appetite during puberty?
a. Inhibin c. Activin
b. Leptin d. Follistatin

5. The Skene glands are located on either side of which structure?
a. Introitus c. Clitoris
b. Urinary meatus d. Vestibule

6. What is the function of the mucus secreted by the Bartholin glands?
a. Enhancement of the motility of sperm
b. Lubrication of the urinary meatus and vestibule
c. Maintenance of an acid-base balance to discourage proliferation of pathogenic bacteria
d. Enhancement of the size of the penis during intercourse

7. Which change is a result of puberty and defends the vagina from infection?
a. The pH stabilizes between 7 and 8.
b. A thin squamous epithelial lining develops.
c. Vaginal pH becomes more acidic.
d. Estrogen levels are low.

8. What happens to the vagina’s lining at puberty?
a. It becomes thinner. c. It assumes a neutral pH.
b. It becomes thicker. d. It undergoes atrophy.

9. Which structure is lined with columnar epithelial cells?
a. Perimetrium c. Myometrium
b. Endocervical canal d. Vagina

10. Where is the usual site of fertilization of an ovum?
a. Trumpet end of the fallopian tubes c. Ampulla of the fallopian tubes
b. Fimbriae of the fallopian tubes d. Os of the fallopian tubes

11. Where is the usual site of cervical dysplasia or cancer in situ?
a. Squamous epithelium of the cervix meets the cuboidal epithelium of the vagina.
b. Columnar epithelium of the cervix meets the squamous epithelium of the uterus.
c. Squamous epithelium of the cervix meets the columnar epithelium of the uterus.
d. Columnar epithelium of the cervix meets the squamous epithelium of the vagina.

12. Having ejected a mature ovum, the ovarian follicle develops into a(n):
a. Atretic follicle c. Corpus luteum
b. Thecal follicle d. Functional scar

13. The mucosal secretions of the cervix secrete which immunoglobulin?
a. IgA c. IgG
b. IgE d. IgM

14. The equivalent to the female gonad is the male:
a. Epididymis c. Vas deferens
b. Spermatic cord d. Testes

15. A surge of which hormone causes the corpus luteum to produce progesterone?
a. Follicle stimulating hormone c. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone
b. Luteinizing hormone d. Estrogen

16. What directly causes ovulation during the menstrual cycle?
a. Gradual decrease in estrogen levels c. Sharp rise in progesterone levels
b. Sudden increase of LH d. Gradual increase in estrogen levels

17. Which anatomic structure secretes follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH)?
a. Hypothalamus c. Anterior pituitary
b. Ovaries d. Adrenal cortex

18. During the time that ovulation occurs, which statement concerning basal body temperature (BBT) is true?
a. BBT increases.
b. BBT decreases.
c. BBT fluctuates around 37° C (98° F).
d. BBT rises consistently above 37.8° C (100° F).

19. What structure in the male lies posterior to the urinary bladder?
a. Seminal vesicles c. Cowper glands
b. Prostate glands d. Parabladder glands

20. When do penile erections begin?
a. Before birth c. Shortly before puberty
b. Shortly after birth d. After puberty

21. Which statement is true regarding the major difference between male and female sex hormone production?
a. Luteinizing hormone has no apparent action in a man.
b. In a man, sex hormone production is relatively constant.
c. Estradiol is not produced in a man.
d. In a man, gonadotropin-releasing hormone does not cause the release of follicle stimulating hormone.

22. Where in the male body does spermatogenesis occur?
a. Epididymis c. Seminiferous tubules
b. Rete testes d. Vas deferens

23. Which immunoglobulin is contained in breast milk?
a. IgA c. IgG
b. IgE d. IgM

24. Which hormone promotes the development of the lobular ducts in the breasts?
a. Progesterone c. Oxytocin
b. Prolactin d. Estrogen

25. What causes the vasomotor flushes (hot flashes) that are associated with declining ovarian function with age?
a. Decreased estrogen levels c. Increased estrogen levels
b. Absence of estrogen d. Rapid changes in estrogen levels

26. When does the male body begin to produce sperm?
a. Before birth c. At puberty
b. Shortly after birth d. When erection is possible

27. The human zygote has a total of how many chromosomes?
a. 23 c. 46
b. 25 d. 50

28. Which hormone promotes the development of testosterone in both males and females?
a. Progesterone c. Oxytocin
b. Prolactin d. Estrogen

29. Which hormone stimulates gonads to produce both male and female hormones?
a. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
b. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
c. Luteinizing hormone (LH)
d. Estrogen

30. Which hormone relaxes the myometrium and prevents lactation until the fetus is born?
a. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
b. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
c. Progesterone
d. Estrogen

31. A Sims-Huhner test is of particular interest to a patient experiencing which condition?
a. Infertility c. Venereal disease
b. Possible HIV infection d. Perimenopause

MULTIPLE RESPONSE

32. Estrogen has many biological effects on the female body including: (Select all that apply.)
a. Maturation of reproductive organs
b. Differentiating female physical characteristics
c. Postpuberty closure of short bones
d. Regulation of the menstrual cycle
e. Endometrial regeneration after menstruation

33. Which statements about the human papillolmavirus (HPV) and vaccine are true? (Select all that apply.)
a. Currently, two HPV vaccines have been approved for use in the United States.
b. HPV is believed to be responsible for the majority of the diagnosed cases of cervical cancer.
c. A form of the vaccine has been approved for use in males to prevent genital warts.
d. The administration of the vaccine is a one-dose intramuscular injection.
e. The recommended age for vaccination of girls is between 11 and 12 years of age.

34. Which statements are true regarding the female menstrual cycle? (Select all that apply.)
a. Initial cycles may dramatically vary in length.
b. By adulthood, the commonly accepted cycle average is 28 (27 to 30) days.
c. The length of a cycle varies among women.
d. Up to 8 years before menopause, the intervals of the menstrual cycle begin to lengthen.
e. Menopause is achieved when a woman is without a period for 2 years.

35. Testosterone is believed to have a role in: (Select all that apply.)
a. Male-patterned baldness
b. Libido levels
c. Acne development
d. Altered cholesterol metabolism
e. Thinning of the larynx

36. What are normal characteristics of aging of the male reproductive system? (Select all that apply.)
a. Reduced sperm count
b. Slower, less forceful ejaculations
c. Testicular atrophy and softening
d. Longer time to achieve full erection
e. Decreased levels of testosterone

There are no reviews yet.

Be the first to review “Quiz 23: Structure and Function of the Reproductive Systems”