Quiz 54: Documentation and Informatics
Perry et al.: Clinical Nursing Skills & Techniques, 9th Edition
Instructor Verified Answers Included
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1. The patient is a 24-year-old man who is diagnosed with possible HIV infection while being treated for active pneumonia. He has stated that the nurse may share test result information with his significant other but nothing else at this time. With whom may the nurse communicate regarding this information?
a. The patient’s parents
b. The patient’s significant other only
c. No one in the hospital until the patient says so
d. The patient’s physician, significant other, and laboratory personnel
2. Which of the following is the best example of objective charting?
a. “The patient states that he has been having severe chest discomfort.”
b. “The patient is lying in bed and seems to be in considerable pain.”
c. “The patient appears to be pale and diaphoretic and complains of nausea.”
d. “The patient’s skin is ashen and respiratory rate is 32 and labored.”
3. Which of the following is the best example of accurate documentation?
a. “Abdominal wound is 5 cm in length without redness, edema, or drainage.”
b. “OD to be irrigated qd with NS.”
c. “No complaint of abdominal pain this shift.”
d. “Patient watching TV entire shift.”
4. Patients on the unit have their vital signs taken routinely at 0800, 1200, 1600, and 2000. At 1000, a patient complains of feeling “light-headed.” The nurse takes the patient’s vital signs and finds blood pressure to be lower than usual. Within 15 minutes, the patient says that he feels better. The nurse rechecks the blood pressure and finds that it is now back to normal. How should the nurse handle documentation for this episode?
a. Document the 1000 vital signs in the graphic record only.
b. Not report the incident because it was a transient episode.
c. Document the vital signs in the graphic and progress record.
d. Document the vital signs as 12 o’clock signs.
5. The nurse manager is attempting to determine the staffing needs of the unit. One tool that she may use to determine the level of care needed would be:
a. the standardized care plan.
b. the acuity record.
c. the patient care summary.
d. flow sheets.
6. A preprinted guideline used to care for patients with similar health problems is known as the:
a. acuity record.
b. standardized care plan.
c. patient care summary.
d. flow sheet.
7. The patient is ready to go home from the hospital. What does the nurse provide to the patient and his family before he leaves the facility?
a. Discharge summary
b. Standardized care plan
c. Patient care summary
d. Flow sheet
8. Which is an acceptable format to use in documentation?
9. The patient has been in the hospital for a hip replacement. According to his critical pathway, he should have his Foley catheter discontinued on the fourth day after surgery. Instead, the patient has it removed on the third day and is voiding normally with no problems. This would be a sign of:
a. a negative variance.
b. positive case management.
c. a positive variance.
d. use of SBAR.
10. Which is a primary difference between home care and hospital care?
a. Documentation systems need to provide information for the home health nurse only.
b. Documentation no longer affects reimbursement.
c. Services are assumed and need less documentation.
d. The patient and the family witness most of the care provided.
11. The patient has been transferred to the nursing home from the acute care hospital. A report was called from the hospital and was received by the RN in charge of the nursing home unit. Upon arrival, which approach is used to assess the patient?
a. The Long-Term Care Facility Resident Assessment Instrument
b. The case-management model
c. Collaborative pathways
d. The charting by exception model
12. The nursing assistant tells the RN that when the patient’s vital signs were taken, the patient complained that she was in a lot of pain. The nursing assistant then tells the nurse that she charted the patient’s complaint when she charted the vital signs. What instruction does the nurse need to provide to the nursing assistant?
a. The nursing assistant needs to make sure she uses the SBAR format when entering notes.
b. Nursing assistants are not allowed to chart vital signs.
c. Only the nurse can write in the progress notes.
d. The nursing assistant needs to write using blue ink to distinguish from the RN note.
13. The patient was in bed with all side rails up. During the night, the patient tried to get up to go to the bathroom and fell while trying to climb over the side rails. After meeting the patient’s needs and assessing that the patient was not harmed, what step should the nurse take (if any)?
a. Complete an incident report and put it in the medical record.
b. Chart what happened and state that an incident report has been filled out.
c. Do nothing because the patient was not harmed.
d. Document what happened in the patient record without mentioning the incident report.
1. Nursing documentation: (Select all that apply.)
a. ensures continuity of care.
b. provides legal evidence.
c. evaluates patient outcomes.
d. increases the risk of litigation.
2. What is the goal of information management? (Select all that apply.)
a. Support decision making.
b. Improve patient outcomes.
c. Ensure patient safety.
d. Improve health care documentation.
3. Nursing documentation must have which of the following characteristics? (Select all that apply.)
1. A patient’s private health information is legally protected by the ________________.
2. To limit liability, nursing documentation must clearly indicate that the nurse provided individualized, goal-directed nursing care to a patient based on the _____________________.
3. __________________ documentation should include your observations of patient behavior.
4. The abbreviation for every day (___) is no longer used.
5. When making written entries in the patient’s medical record, describe the nursing care provided and the ____________.
6. ________________ provide a quick, easy reference for health care team members in assessing the patient’s status.
7. Standardized care plans are effective ways to plan care for the patient. To be most effective, however, the SCP must be _________________.
8. Multidisciplinary care plans that include key interventions and expected outcomes within an established time frame are known as _______________.
9. ___________________ provide a format for documenting a patient’s health status and progress.