Quiz 80: Blood Therapy Perry et al.: Clinical Nursing Skills & Techniques, 9th Edition

Questions 29
Instructor Verified Answers Included
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Quiz 80: Blood Therapy
Perry et al.: Clinical Nursing Skills & Techniques, 9th Edition

Questions 29
Instructor Verified Answers Included
WarofGrades Guaranteed A+ Graded Tutorial

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1. For how long may blood preserved with citrate-phosphate-dextrose (CPD) be stored (unfrozen) before use?
a. 21 days
b. 35 days
c. 42 days
d. 3 months

2. The nurse is caring for a patient who needs a blood transfusion. The patient has been tested and was found to have blood type O. The nurse knows this means that which antigen is present on the surface of the red blood cells?
a. The type A antigen is present.
b. The type B antigen is present.
c. Neither type A nor type B antigens are present.
d. Both type A and type B antigens are present.

3. A nurse is concerned about the type of blood that a patient is to receive. A patient with an O blood type may safely receive which type of blood?
a. Type A blood
b. Type B blood
c. Type AB blood
d. Type O blood

4. The patient is brought to the emergency department after a motor vehicle accident and has lost a large volume of blood. The patient’s blood type is AB. Which blood type may this patient safely receive in transfusion?
a. Only type AB blood
b. Only type O blood
c. All blood types
d. Only type A blood

5. The patient is scheduled to receive a blood transfusion. Preadministration laboratory tests are run to assess the level of which component in the patient’s blood?
a. Sodium (Na)
b. Calcium (Ca)
c. Potassium (K)
d. Iron (Fe)

6. The patient has received a total of 7 units of blood over the past 8 hours. The nurse assesses the patient’s laboratory test results. Which of the following would be an expected complication?
a. Hypokalemia
b. Hyperkalemia
c. Hypercalcemia
d. Iron deficiency

7. The patient is to receive 2 units of packed red blood cells (RBCs). The units are cold, and the nurse is concerned that this could lead to dysrhythmias and/or a reduction in core temperature. What action may the nurse take to prevent this?
a. Warm the blood in a microwave.
b. Warm the blood using hot water.
c. Warm the blood using a blood warmer.
d. Allow the blood to warm to room temperature before administering.

8. The patient is scheduled to receive 1 unit of packed red blood cells (RBCs). She has small, fragile veins, and a 22-gauge intravenous (IV) patent catheter is in place. What should the nurse do?
a. Cancel the blood transfusion.
b. Insert a 16-gauge IV catheter into the antecubital fossa.
c. Use the IV catheter that is in place.
d. Transfuse the blood over 6 hours.

9. What primary intervention should a nurse who is preparing a blood transfusion perform?
a. Set up the Y tubing.
b. Obtain 0.9% saline.
c. Verify the blood product and the patient.
d. Have the patient void or empty the urine drainage container.

10. The patient is to receive 1 unit of packed red blood cells (RBCs). The nurse obtains the blood from the blood bank and returns to the unit to find that the patient has been taken to radiology for a computed tomography (CT) scan and is expected to return in about an hour. What should the nurse do?
a. Go to radiology and administer the blood.
b. Keep the blood refrigerated until the patient returns.
c. Return the blood to the blood bank.
d. Hang the blood in the patient’s room and start it when the patient returns.

11. The nurse is preparing to administer a unit of blood to a patient using blood tubing. On the blood product side of the Y tubing, the nurse will hang blood. What will be hung on the other side of the Y tubing?
a. Dextrose 5%
b. Normal saline
c. Dextrose 10%
d. Dextrose 5%/normal saline

12. The nurse is administering blood. What should the nurse do to detect a blood reaction as quickly as possible?
a. Remain with the patient during the first 15 minutes.
b. Transfuse the blood at 10 mL/min.
c. Monitor vital signs q 1 hour.
d. Transfuse blood at 50 gtt/min.

13. An appropriate technique for the nurse to implement for a blood transfusion is to:
a. provide medication through the intravenous (IV) tubing with the blood.
b. regulate the flow of blood so that it infuses over 8 hours.
c. clear the IV tubing with normal saline after the blood infuses.
d. administer a blood product with clots through a filter line.

14. When a patient’s adverse reaction to a blood transfusion is differentiated, which of the following signs/symptoms indicates the presence of an anaphylactic response?
a. Wheezing and chest pain
b. Headache and muscle pain
c. Hypotension and tingling of the extremities
d. Crackles in the lungs and increased central venous pressure

15. The patient is receiving a unit of packed red blood cells (RBCs). Fifteen minutes into the procedure, he complains of severe kidney pain, and his temperature increases by 3°F. The nurse stops the transfusion immediately, suspecting that which of the following reactions is occurring?
a. Delayed hemolytic transfusion reaction
b. Nonhemolytic febrile reaction
c. Acute hemolytic transfusion reaction
d. Severe allergic reaction

16. The patient has been home from the hospital for 10 days. On the last day of his hospitalization, he received 2 units of packed red blood cells (RBCs). This morning, he noticed that his skin had a yellow tint to it and his temperature was elevated. Which reaction might this patient be experiencing?
a. Delayed hemolytic transfusion reaction
b. Acute hemolytic transfusion reaction
c. Nonhemolytic febrile reaction
d. Severe allergic transfusion reaction

17. The specific blood product used for replacement of clotting factors and fibrinogen is:
a. whole blood.
b. packed RBCs.
c. cryoprecipitate.
d. albumin, 25% pooled.

18. The nurse is administering 1 unit of packed red blood cells as ordered by the primary care provider. While the nurse is measuring vital signs 15 minutes after starting the transfusion, the patient complains of chills and back pain. What is the nurse’s first action?
a. Stop the blood transfusion and keep the vein patent by administering saline to infuse from the other side of the Y tubing.
b. Slow the blood transfusion and notify the charge nurse.
c. Disconnect the blood tubing from the catheter and replace it with an infusion of normal saline.
d. Stop the blood transfusion and notify the primary care provider.

MULTIPLE RESPONSE

1. Transfusion therapy is the intravenous (IV) administration of which of the following? (Select all that apply.)
a. Whole blood
b. Plasma products
c. Red blood cells (RBCs)
d. Platelets

2. What is the purpose of administering a transfusion? (Select all that apply.)
a. Restore intravascular volume.
b. Restore the oxygen-carrying capacity of blood.
c. Provide clotting factors.
d. Improve blood pressure.

3. The patient is to receive 2 units of packed red blood cells (RBCs). Before administering the blood, what does the nurse need to do? (Select all that apply.)
a. Insert an 18-gauge intravenous (IV) cannula.
b. Have the patient complete a consent form.
c. Obtain pretransfusion vital signs.
d. Notify the physician for a temperature of 37°C.

4. The patient is receiving blood when he suddenly complains of low back pain and develops diaphoresis and chills. The nurse should: (Select all that apply.)
a. stop the transfusion.
b. start normal saline connected to the Y tubing.
c. notify the physician.
d. start normal saline using new intravenous (IV) tubing.

5. Symptoms that indicate an adverse reaction to blood products include which of the following? (Select all that apply.)
a. Fever
b. Skin rash
c. Hypotension
d. Cardiac arrest

COMPLETION

1. A transfusion in which the donor is the patient is known as an ______________ transfusion or autotransfusion.

2. The presence or absence of specific antigens on the surface of red blood cells determines ___________________ in the ABO system.

3. Antibodies that react against the A and B antigens are naturally present in the plasma of people whose red blood cells do not carry the antigen. These antibodies react against the foreign antigens. Incompatible red blood cells clump together or _____________, which results in a life-threatening hemolytic transfusion reaction.

4. The nurse is caring for a patient who is receiving blood while monitoring the patient for potential complications. The nurse knows that a systemic response to administration of a blood product that is incompatible with the blood of the recipient, contains allergens to which the recipient is sensitive or allergic, or is contaminated with pathogens is known as a _________.

5. The patient has received blood within the past 6 hours. The patient begins to feel short of breath and calls for the nurse. The nurse finds that the patient is dusky in color with crackles throughout his lungs and is coughing up pink frothy sputum. The nurse calls the physician immediately, knowing that the patient is showing signs of _________________.

6. Under the ABO system, the blood type __________ can be given to any individual and is known as the “Universal Donor.”

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